Security Terms Explained

  • 15 January 2023
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Here are some of common security terms that are used within our tool:

 

What is Common Vulnerability Enumeration (CVE)?

This is a vulnerability published in an open database by NVD, with an assigned vulnerability ID known as CVE ID. Examples include Heartbleed (CVE-2014-0160) and Shellshock (CVE-2014-6271).

 

What is Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS)?

An open framework for describing the severity of vulnerabilities, where each vulnerability is given a score between 0 and 10, with 10 being critical.

 

What is Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE)?

This is a weakness, either in software or in hardware, that may be exploited in a specific system. The CWE list is a tree hierarchy with different levels of abstraction. An example of a CWE tree chain, from high to low abstraction, may look like this: "Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer" (CWE-119) -> "Buffer Copy without Checking Size of Input" (CWE-120) -> "Stack-based Buffer Overflow" (CWE-121).


 

What is Common Platform Enumeration (CPE)?

This is a naming scheme for IT systems, software, and packages. An example of a CPE string for the React framework, version 16, is cpe:2.3:a:facebook:react:16.0.0:*:*:*:*:*:*:*.

 

What is the Node Package Manager (npm)?

A package manager for JavaScript consisting of a command line client npm, along with an online database of packages known as the npm registry. npm handles local dependencies, as well as global JavaScript tools. As of 2023, npm has joined forces with GitHub.

 

What is the National Vulnerability Database (NVD)?

An open database, managed by the U.S. government, for management of vulnerabilities. The information displayed is an aggregation of multiple sources along with a severity scoring using CVSS, the type of vulnerability as a CWE, and affected products as a CPE.


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